Interpreting your accounts – Part 2

In my last blog I talked about the benefit of understanding your accounts and having them prepared regularly.

Now I am going to explain this in more detail.

Following are two of the most common misunderstandings of business. Reviewing your management accounts regularly can help your business by understanding these two areas.

1. Profit is not Cash

It’s not uncommon for us to be going over annual accounts with a client, telling them the profit and they say “I don’t believe we made that profit – if we did, where is it? It’s certainly not in the bank.” Read More »

Understanding the story your accounts are telling you

Your Accounts tell the story of what’s happening in your business. They are the financial results of events that occurred and decisions you made. By knowing what that story is saying you can react to events more quickly and make better decisions.

The Profit and Loss Statement or Statement of Financial Performance is a summary of trading for a period of time, usually a year. It shows the sales that you made, and deducts off them the cost of those sales and your overheads to work out if you made a surplus from those sales.

The sales in your accounts are recognised at the time the sale is made; when you invoice it – not when you’ve got the cash in the bank for them. The costs offset against those sales are also recognised when they are incurred, not when you pay for them. This is the essence of accrual accounting.

The Balance Sheet or Statement of Financial Position is like taking a financial photograph on a certain day. It lists what you own – your assets and what you owe – your liabilities. The difference is the equity in the business.

We have an e-book on our website that explains in more detail what each part of the accounts mean.

The benefit of regular accurate management accounts

But really, how useful are the end of year accounts we prepare for you? Obviously they have to be done to correctly calculate the amount of tax you owe, and comply with the Companies Act, but in terms of helping you make useful business decisions they are often just too late. They are a summary of financial events up to the last balance date. If another six months have passed you can’t exactly react quickly to address any problems.

This is why having regular accurate management accounts prepared is vital for any business.

Very often a business owner gets the books done, just because they need to be done for the GST return to be filed. But they should be so much more than that. By reviewing those accounts and watching a few Key Performance Indicators you can understand what’s going on now and make decisions about what to do about it now.

And better yet – knowing how the business is going on a regular basis helps you plan for the future.

What story are your accounts telling you about your business? Do you review your accounts to find out? Do you even have regular accurate accounts prepared? We can help you with all of this. It’s what we love doing.